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Mfezi

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About Mfezi

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    Pretoria, South Africa

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  1. I don't think I said anything that suggested otherwise. My post was in response to the earlier suggestion that the Soviets only decided to invade after the bombs were dropped - the intention was clearly there much earlier and the planning started many months prior. The huge success of their campaign was obviously to some extent influenced by the weakened Japanese forces, as also delved into in a lot more detail in the paper that I referenced. Indeed. But the question was about the motivation for the Japanese to surrender - at that point it was already clear to their entire leadership that no matter how many opponents they managed to take with them, they were still going to lose. Even they understood the futility of it all at that point. Their grasp of that fact was informed by more than just the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, which is the point I was trying to make and which most historians whose work I have read on the topic also seem to agree with.
  2. This is not accurate. The Soviet Union certainly did do fighting - and a lot of it - in those two weeks between 9 and 20 August when they invaded Manchuria. They lost about 12,000 soldiers in the campaign and another 25,000 wounded, although it was still a lot better than the Japanese who were pretty much rolled over by the Soviets. Invasions don't start overnight: The Soviet planning started in March 1945 and they started shifting equipment in April. At that time, Japan's surrender was not obvious at all - April was when the Okinawa invasion started - so the Japan conflict was still a long way from concluded. The Soviets continued shifting equipment between May and July as the invasion plans were finalized and the directive was that everything should be in place by 25 July. The actual Soviet invasion started before the second bomb was dropped - it was literally by a few hours, but by then, and even before the Hiroshima bombing happened, it was clear they were going to invade anyway as their campaign already had 4 months to build up momentum. The Manchurian campaign was a fascinating military conclusion to the war: A good summary was written by David Glantz for the Combat Studies Institute of the US Army Command and General Staff College, titled: "August Storm: The Soviet 1945 Strategic Offensive in Manchuria". I believe it is available online. The Manchurian campaign certainly did have an impact on the Japanese surrender, as noted by most if not all serious historians. The Japanese surrender didn't happen due to a single event or a single factor. One of the biggest factors was the massive weakening of their army, which made it virtually impossible to successfully defend from an invasion, regardless of whether it came from the US or the USSR or both. They had been isolated due to the sea blockade and Okinawa showed them that it would be very difficult to stop an amphibious invasion of the main islands. The virtual total destruction of the Kwantung Army by the Soviets in Manchuria was the final death blow from a military perspective. Now add the impact of continuous aerial bombardment and eventually the two atomic bombs, and it became rather clear that a final heroic defense against invading forces would end up as nothing but slaughter.
  3. I'm glad I could help. Yes, I agree with your conclusion - I would certainly use the pictures as the primary reference rather than the instructions. Even if the instructions do represent a different period in its life (which I actually doubt as the rest of it checks out), I would personally have represented it in the state for which I do have reference material. Nice looking jet - it looks like you can have a lot of fun weathering the bottom 😀
  4. Thanks for the tip. As I said, I switched to the acrylic lacquer based version, but it would be a shame to throw the water based ones away. I'll give it a try.
  5. I just went through my drawer of paints: Every single one of my AKAN acrylic bottles have dried out: Both the ones that I have used and the unopened ones. As I said, these were all from early batches. I also have AKAN enamels (8 series), from about the same time: Also all dried up. Most of my collection of AKAN paints are, however, acrylic lacquers (6 series), which I started buying as soon as those became available: Those bottles are all perfectly fine - new ones, old ones, used ones and unopened ones. I wonder if it was a packaging problem on earlier batches of AKAN paints? Possibly imperfect seals?
  6. Yes, I had the same happen on basically all my water based acrylic bottles - although I have to add that these were from very early batches. About 5 years or so ago I switched completely over to their acrylic lacquers, and I'm happy to say that none of those have dried out yet.
  7. If so, the smoke interaction with the airflow around the aircraft has been done extremely well (speaking from what I have seen through my own involvement with missile tests on older, more smokey missiles launched at low speed / high AoA). My first thought was actually that it looked genuine, but of course there are some very talented CGI artists out there.
  8. Direct link to video from GreyGhost's link above:
  9. Very good point - influenza has a low mortality rate but is very common and, as a result, cause a huge number of deaths worldwide each year. If influenza was a new decease, it certainly would have grabbed everyone's attention in a similar way. As it is, common influenza's seasonal characteristics are well known and its effects are well studied and predictable. There are several articles on this comparison. Just one example here: https://www.livescience.com/new-coronavirus-compare-with-flu.html
  10. Agreed, if mortality rate is the criteria for "serious". However, at this point, only two diseases on that table have killed more people and only one affected more countries.
  11. Although I do agree that some are overreacting, it should be pointed out that the picture has changed quite a bit since this table was created (on 31 January, 2020). I extracted the following information from yesterday's WHO Sitrep (i.e. 7 March, 2020): 2019-nCoV Confirmed cases: 101,927 Deaths: 3,486 Fatality rate: 3.42% Countries affected: 94 Comparing that to your table from 31 January, 2019-nCoV is right up there in terms of seriousness. Sitrep that I used for above numbers available on WHO website here: https://www.who.int/docs/default-source/coronaviruse/situation-reports/20200307-sitrep-47-covid-19.pdf
  12. Well, the Airfix 1/48th scale Buccaneer was quite popular around here. I saw them arrive and disappear off the local hobby shop shelves quite fast and I believe Airfix reissued the kit several times. It is not that old, being released originally in 1994. However, they do have a recurring problem of warped fuselages and a resin cockpit really is needed (Neomega made a nice one). I don't know about "big seller", but it shouldn't do too badly.
  13. I have built a lot of Zvezda kits - some of the older ones as well as many of the newer generation kits. I can honestly say I never had a problem with the plastic, despite the fact that many of their newer kits include some very fine and small parts. Maybe I'm not building Tamiya kits regularly enough to compare with properly, but I simply never had an issue to the extent that I noticed.
  14. No problem. It will definitely make for some extra interest when posed like that. As stated, you very seldom see photographs of Su-7's like that on the ground, but you can use any of a hundred back stories for why your example has the flaps down. I've never really taken statements like "they never..." too seriously. Having spent over a decade in flight testing, I've seen a lot of stuff that one would not consider ops normal. For example, more than once I have seen a fighter jet with several open panels to start up flight test instrumentation after the engine had already been started, all along with a heavy weapons loadout. When it comes to models, just go for it and while you build it you can think of an excuse for why it is parked with the flaps down. Of course, an in-flight pose is also always an option. So is maintenance, a system check, a forgetful pilot, a mechanical failure, a museum exhibit like the pictures above, etc. That's the nice thing about models - it is literally impossible to prove that your pose never occurred in the history of a given aircraft, unless the pose was physically impossible for some reason.
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